Hexagram #59 Dispersal

In dispersal there is development. The king comes to have a shrine. It is beneficial to cross great rivers. It is beneficial to be correct.

EXPLANATION: Dispersal means disorganization and disorder. In the body of the hexagram, below is Water ☵, in which one yang is hidden between two yins, yang being trapped by yin; above is Wind ☴, in which one yin enters under two yangs, yang being damaged by yin. Yin and yang do not interact, essence and sense are separated; so it is called Dispersal.

This hexagram represents yin and yang being lost in confusion, then reordered; it follows on the previous hexagram Wind. Wind involves gradually entering true eternity; because yin and yang are disordered, one progresses harmoniously to balance them. Once people's yin and yang are disordered, and essence and sense have shifted, the mind of Tao is obscured and the human mentality arises, the true sane energy is damaged and the false aberrant energy grows. This is like the one yang in the middle of Water ☵, trapped by yin energy; the primordial is concealed inside acquired conditioning. Once the primordial is concealed, its vast energy is inhibited, and yin energy takes over affairs, insufficient to do good, excessive in doing evil, inevitably leading to total loss of natural innocence. This is like the one yin of Wind ☴ insidiously rising under pure yang, subtly dispersing yang. This is why Dispersal is so called.

However, even after dispersal, sages have a way to resolve dispersal, which is able to reorder that which is dispersed. What is the way to resolve dispersal? It is none other than the path of progress through obedience: The only distinction is that if you go one way, obeying invading conditioning, you disperse yang, while if you go the other way, obeying the primordial energy, you foster yang. If you can reverse obedience from acquired conditioning back to the primordial, gradually progressing, without hurrying or lagging, stopping falsehood and preserving truthfulness, mastering yourself and returning to appropriate order, that which is scattered can be assembled, that which is disorderly can be ordered, so that you can return to your original being. First dispersed, ending up not dispersed, there is thus paradoxically a way of development in dispersal.

When people's yin and yang are scattered, it is always because of using the human mentality and abandoning the mind of Tao; every act, every step, is on dangerous ground. But if you use the mind of Tao and dismiss the human mentality, you can seek the jewel of life in a tiger's lair, search out the pearl of illumination in a dragon's abyss, progressing harmoniously in danger and getting through danger. With proper control according to events, whether agreeable or disagreeable, the mind of Tao is ever present, the human mentality passes away; the five elements aggregate, the four signs combine-what dispersal is there?

However, in the path of resolving dispersal, there is a process, there is a course of work, there is intensification and relaxation, there is stopping at sufficiency. The slightest deviation and you go far astray. It is only beneficial if you are correct. Accomplishing the work correctly, hastening and relaxing methodically, advancing and withdrawing at the proper times, there will surely be development and benefit.

So when the human mentality arises, the mind of Tao leaves; when the mind of Tao arises, the human mentality leaves. The human mentality is enough to disperse and fragment yin and yang, while the mind of Tao can unite yin and yang. Being able to unite what has been dispersed, returning to the origin, re-experiencing the fundamental being, is the culmination of the path of resolving dispersal. 
 -- Liu Yiming, Hexagram #58 Joy, The Taoist I Ching

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Hexagram #59 Dispersal










On the left the ancient shape of character for Dispersal. On the right the presents-day shape. The ideograph represents a person dancing to express the mood of joy.









A demon , symbolizing the human mentality, creating a yellow wind huricane,dispersing yang energy, Journey to the West,
by Chen Huiguang









The monk, representing the mind of Tao is ignoring and dismissing the human mentality, represented by the skeleton.










"Getting through danger'. The nine lions, representing the passions of the human mind are under control of the mind of Tao, symbolized by Daniel. Daniel in the
Lions den, by Peter Paul Rubens.
(Click to enlarge)